Approving the master plan on development of Vietnam's seaport system

Deputy Prime Minister Mr. Le Van Thanh signed Decision No.1579/QD-TTg approving the master plan on development of Viet Nam’s seaport system in the period of 2021-2030 with a vision towards 2050.

By 2030, the seaport system will handle cargo volume from 1,140 to 1,423 million tons (including 38 to 47 million TEU of containerized goods). (Illustration photo)

By 2030, the target is to develop a synchronous and modern seaport system with high quality services meeting the needs of socio-economic development for ensuring national defense-security, maritime safety and environmental protection, improving the competitiveness of economy in order to contribute to basically turning our country into a developing country with modern industry and upper middle-income by 2030 with a number of specific targets as follows:

In terms of capacity, the seaport system can meet the needs of import and export goods, the trade among domestic regions, the transshipment and transit goods for countries in region as well as the needs of domestic and international passenger transport. The seaport system can handle from 1,140 to 1,423 million tons (including 38 to 47 million TEUs of containerized goods) and from 10.1 to 10.3 million passengers.

Regarding infrastructure, the priority should be given to the development of international gateway ports, Lach Huyen (Hai Phong), Cai Mep (Ba Ria-Vung Tau). It is necessary to study the appropriate mechanisms and policies to gradually develop an international transshipment port at Van Phong (Khanh Hoa) to exploit the potential of natural conditions and geographical location as well as develop orientation planning of Tran De port (Soc Trang) serving the Mekong Delta to deploy investment when meeting conditions; large-scale seaports serving socio-economic development of whole country or inter-region; international passenger ports associated with motivation regions for tourism development; large-scale ports serving economic zones and industrial parks; ports in island districts serving socio-economic development in association with national defense and security, and sovereignty over sea and islands.

Vietnam's seaport system consists of 5 groups

The decision clearly stated that Vietnam's seaport system consists of 5 groups:

+ Group No.1 includes 5 seaports: Hai Phong, Quang Ninh, Thai Binh, Nam Dinh and Ninh Binh seaports.

By 2030: The seaports of group No.1 will handle from 305 to 367 million tons (including 11 to 15 million TEU of containerized goods) and from 162,000 to 164,000 passengers.

Vision to 2050: Meeting the demand of transporting goods with an average growth rate of 5.0-5.3% per year; the average growth of passengers is about 1.5-1.6% per year; completing the investment in Lach Huyen and Cai Lan port areas and relocating ports on Cam River in accordance with Hai Phong city development plan; investing and developing ports in the South of Do Son - Van Uc, Cam Pha, Hai Ha.

+ Group 2 includes 6 seaports: Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Quang Binh, Quang Tri and Thua Thien Hue seaports.

By 2030, the seaports of group No.2 will handle from 172 to 255 million tons (including 0.6-1 million TEU of containerized goods) and from 202,000 to 204,000 passengers.

Vision to 2050: Meeting the demand of transporting goods with an average growth rate of 3.6-4.5% per year; the average growth of passengers is about 0.4-0.5% per year; completing the investment and development of port clusters Nghi Son - Dong Hoi, Vung Ang and Son Duong - Hon La.

+ Group 3 includes 8 seaports: Da Nang (including Hoang Sa Island District), Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh, Phu Yen, Khanh Hoa (including Truong Sa Island District), Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan seaports.

By 2030, the seaports of group No.3 will handle from 138 to 181 million tons (including 1.8-2.5 million TEU of containerized goods) and from 1.9-2.0 million passengers.

Vision to 2050: Meeting the demand of transporting goods with an average growth rate of 4.5-5.5% per year; the average growth of passengers is about 1.7-1.8% per year; completing the investment in the whole Lien Chieu port area (Da Nang) and forming a port serving international transshipment cargo in Van Phong (Khanh Hoa).

+ Group 4 includes 5 seaports: Ho Chi Minh City, Dong Nai, Ba Ria - Vung Tau, Binh Duong and Long An seaports.

By 2030, the seaports of group No.4 will handle from 461-540 million tons (including from 23-28 million TEU of containerized goods) and from 1.7-1.8 million passengers.

Vision to 2050: Meeting the demand of transporting goods with an average growth rate of 3.5-3.8 % per year; the average growth of passengers is about 0.9-1.0 % per year; completing the investment in Cai Mep Ha ports, studying the formation of new port areas in Can Gio (on Go Gia River), completing the relocation of ports on Saigon River and continuing to study the relocation of other port areas suitable for spatial urban development of Ho Chi Minh City.

+ Group 5 includes 12 seaports: Can Tho, Dong Thap, Tien Giang, Vinh Long, Ben Tre, An Giang, Hau Giang, Soc Trang, Tra Vinh, Ca Mau, Bac Lieu and Kien Giang seaports.

By 2030, the seaports of group No.5 will handle from 64-80 million tons (including from 0.6-0.8 million TEU of containerized goods) and from 6.1 to 6.2 million passengers.

Vision to 2050: Meeting the demand of transporting goods with an average growth rate of about 5.5-6.1%; the average growth of passengers is about 1.1-1.25%; forming the gateway port in Mekong Delta region.

According to scale and function, Vietnam's seaport system has 3 types

According to the scale and functions, Vietnam's seaport system includes:

- Special seaport includes 2 seaports: Hai Phong and Ba Ria - Vung Tau seaports.

- Class I seaport includes 15 seaports: Quang Ninh, Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Thua Thien Hue, Da Nang, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh, Khanh Hoa, Ho Chi Minh City, Dong Nai, Can Tho, Long An, Tra Vinh seaports. In which, Thanh Hoa, Da Nang and Khanh Hoa seaports are potentially planned to become a special seaport.

- Class II seaport includes 6 seaports: Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Ninh Thuan, Binh Thuan, Hau Giang, Dong Thap seaports.

- Class III seaport includes 13 seaports: Thai Binh, Nam Dinh, Ninh Binh, Phu Yen, Binh Duong, Vinh Long, Tien Giang, Ben Tre, Soc Trang, An Giang, Kien Giang, Bac Lieu and Ca Mau seaports. In particular, Soc Trang seaport is potentially planned to become a special seaport.

Regarding the orientation of connecting traffic infrastructure, developing railways connecting with special seaports and class-I seaports on the North-South corridor; forming ports for inland waterway vessels in seaport areas; building the highway system connecting directly with special seaports as well as national highway and local road network to seaport system.

Developing inland ports in economic zones and economic corridors; giving priority to planning locations with favorable connections by inland waterway transport, river and sea transport, expressways, railways to important seaports in seaport groups.

The investment capital demand for seaport system by 2030 is about 313,000 billion VND (including only ports with cargo handling services) mobilized mainly from non-budget, corporate capital and other legal capital sources. The state budget capital is concentrated for public maritime infrastructure, key areas creating pervasion and attracting investment.

Chi Kien

VGP News - baochinhphu.vn

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