According to the Vietnam News Agency correspondent in Geneva, also on this occasion, on the 45th anniversary of Vietnam’s accession to the United Nations (September 20, 1977 – September 20, 2022), Ambassador Le Thi Tuyet Mai, Head of the Permanent Delegation Standing on behalf of Vietnam beside the UN, the World Trade Organization (WTO) and other international organizations in Geneva, signed the poster of the UN Charter, and together with officials and delegation staff attended the event. Exhibition.
The predecessor of the United Nations was the League of Nations, which was established in January 1920 with its headquarters in Geneva on the basis of the Treaty of Versailles signed in 1919. The League of Nations is an intergovernmental international organization aimed at developing co-ordination. friendly cooperation and ensure peace and security for the member states. The establishment of the League of Nations marked the development of multilateral diplomacy. After the United Nations was established (October 24, 1945), and Geneva became the second headquarters of the United Nations in Europe, in addition to the headquarters located in New York (USA). The Library and Archives of the League of Nations became the United Nations Library and Archives in Geneva.
Over the past 100 years, multilateralism has evolved from the beginnings of the League of Nations in Geneva into a system of in-depth and comprehensive multilateral cooperation in many fields within and outside the UN framework, with many specialized international organisations. Geneva is an important global center for multilateralism, housing the headquarters of the United Nations Office for Europe and more than 30 international intergovernmental organizations in specialized fields, promoting multilateral cooperation between countries range from human rights, humanitarian assistance, disarmament, labor, health, trade and development, intellectual property, telecommunications, hydrometeorology, measurement standards. ..
The COVID-19 pandemic since the beginning of 2020 has put pressure on multilateralism, but meetings of members of the United Nations and other international organizations have quickly shifted to online format and then combined with face-to-face meetings, multilateral diplomatic activities are not interrupted. Immediately after the pandemic restrictions were lifted, the UN Office in Geneva organized many activities together with Member States, and other partners, including NGOs and regional organizations. and at the same time opened the exhibition of historical documents and artifacts commemorating the 100th anniversary of multilateralism.
The UN Library in Geneva is the largest library of the United Nations that holds an exhibition from September 20 to October 28, with the aim of introducing diplomats in Geneva and the public to the development of the subject. multilateralism in various fields from the League of Nations to the present day work of the United Nations. This library provides information to the Secretariat and serves the public and scientists around the world.
The documents and artifacts on display have historical significance, such as the 1919 Treaty of Versailles, the Nansen passport of 1922-1938 as a travel document for refugees, the text of the Convention on Slavery. Published in Geneva in 1926, the first draft of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights…
45 years ago, on September 20, 1977, Vietnam became the 149th member of the United Nations. Vietnam has always supported and promoted multilateralism. On this occasion, the Vietnamese Delegation to Geneva organized a visit to the 100th Anniversary Exhibition of Multilateralism in Geneva, demonstrating Vietnam’s strong commitment and active efforts to uphold and promote multilateralism. .
Geneva is also the place where Vietnam actively and persistently promoted diplomacy for peace from the very beginning of its independence, through the Geneva Conference in 1954 on the re-establishment of peace in Indochina, with successful results. to the signing of 3 Geneva Agreements in 1954 on ending the war and re-establishing peace in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. The signing of these Geneva Agreements marks an important milestone in the revolutionary history as well as the diplomatic history of Vietnam, and at the same time expresses Vietnam’s aspiration for a peace associated with independence, unity and totality. territorial integrity.
In the 45 years since joining the United Nations, from a less developed country, Vietnam has become a low-middle-income country, becoming a responsible partner, taking on many responsibilities and making substantial contributions. and effective for the largest multilateral organization on the planet, implementing most of the Millennium Development Goals, especially in terms of poverty reduction, gender equality, health and education.
This year’s exhibition of historical documents and artifacts at the UN Library in Geneva helps connect the public with current global issues. This is also an opportunity for the UN and its member states to promote peacekeeping through multilateralism, review the lessons of the past as we look to the future.